Vol. 1, No. 16 Published by India China Division, Air Transport Command May 3, 1945
Pass the Boogie, Marandah
1306 BU, Karachi - Ali Marandah, chief sweeper at the base EM club, gets by with "I'll Get By." Ali recently
decided he had endured too long the efforts of GIs at the ivories (a sentiment many GIs will appreciate) and seized
the opportunity to leap upon the stool and give out with his own interpretation of the old ballad, which included
many variations Tin Pan Alley never dreamed of. Though he had his moment, Ali is now working again at his proper
MOS - sweeper, chief.
MEDICS FIGHT CHOLERA
AS EPIDEMIC SPREADS
IN CALCUTTA VICINITY
Surgeons Issue Warnings to
Soldiers Visiting Calcutta
Hq., Calcutta - Surgeons of the various commands have conferred here in the past week to
determine means of protecting military personnel from a cholera epidemic currently raging in the Calcutta area.
Up to now, deaths from cholera are claiming approximately 100 persons per day in Calcutta. No soldiers
are reported to have been afflicted. The negative casualty figure among the military is due largely to the prompt action
and close vigilance with which medics are countering the disease.
Beverages A Source
Considering it impractical to declare the city out-of-bounds, the surgeons have issued warnings against
eating and drinking in places other than Army installations.
General plans laid at the meetings also call for an intensified immunization program.
Source of infection of cholera is food and beverages. Since there is no absolute assurance that the
vaccine administered to Army personnel will provide 100 percent immunity, consumption of only properly prepared and
protected foods and beverages is the sole positive safeguard against contraction of the disease.
As pointed out by Calcutta newspapers, foodstuffs for sale at even reputable establishments are of questionable
cleanliness, and Army messes alone are recommended by the medics.
At bases near Calcutta all military personnel are being immunized unless they have received the vaccine
within the past two months. Personnel visiting this area also will be immunized against cholera if they haven't been
administered the vaccine in the past two months.
Emphasizing the seriousness of the disease, Col. Edward A. Abbey, division surgeon, points out that the
period between diagnosis of the disease and a fatal outcome can be as little as six to eight hours.
New Regulations Tighten Rules on Oxygen Use
Requires It at 3,000 Feet in Daytime, 1,500 at Night
Hq., Calcutta - ICD flight crews on daylight Hump missions now are required to use oxygen
above 3,000 feet, according to a recent division regulation.
During night, flight crews will use oxygen upon reaching 1,500 feet above runway elevation and will
continue to use it until entering the traffic pattern at destination.
GIs at 1306, Karachi who were given a pre-publication look at the above photo came up with the verdict: "Stateside,
Prime," but they were wrong. The luscious lassie is a Polish refugee yelept Irene and is the
fiancée of a GI
at this base.
These new rules for the use of oxygen have resulted from a vigorous program to reduce the hazards of
anoxia (lack of oxygen). Working together, the office of flying safety and the division flight surgeon have concluded
that unexplained accidents may have been caused by insufficient or improper use of oxygen while at high altitudes.
Often it is impossible to attribute the cause of accidents to oxygen factors because the majority of
these tragedies are fatal. However, there have been some which definitely have been traced to these reasons.
One of the classic examples tells of a pilot who hit the top of a mountain because of faulty depth
perception due to the removal of his oxygen mask.
Flying at 14,000 feet, the pilot decided to let her down to 9,500 feet so he could remove his mask and
relax. Approaching a mountain peak he thought he could clear, he neglected to pull up until it was too late. The crew
felt a "slight bump," but managed to get the plane back to its base. Upon landing the men found extensive damage to the
aircraft, necessitating a wing change and other major repairs.
By sheer luck they lived but they almost died because of improper use of oxygen.
Maj. John J. Murdock, director of flying safety, points out that the coming monsoon period, with its
instrument conditions, will require pilots and crews to be in the best physical and mental condition.
He reminded that only through the proper use of oxygen was this possible, warned that it was serious to
remove the mask for even short periods while in the air and added that this was even more important during night flying
when faulty vision might mean death or a serious crash.
The regulation sets forth the manner in which the demand type (automatic) and the constant flow type
oxygen systems are to be used.
Bird in the Pants by an Odd Chance Makes GI Dance
1307 BU, New Delhi, India - It could happen only in India. Sgt. R. A. Migliaccio,
navigation and briefing wallah at this base, doesn't have "ants," but he does have birds in his pants!
Yawning and stretching, the sergeant rolled out of bed one recent morning and gave a lusty yell for his
bearer to bring him a clean uniform.
So far so good, but soon the trouble began. Sgt. Migliaccio slipped on the trousers and received a sudden
and strange sensation. Off came the pants!
A quick investigation revealed that one of the birds of the camp had started building a nest in the seat
of the sergeant's pants.
Direct Approach Method Uncovers Strange Truths
1345 BU, Kurmitola, India - This is a story with a moral.
From now on local GIs are going to be much more wary in handing out lines to the opposite sex when they
meet at squadron dances.
The mortifying experience of three of their comrades at the last squadron social continues to pall upon
many of the would-be-Lotharios.
TEEK AND HI by Pvt. John Babnis, 1342 BU
"A penny for your thoughts . . . PRIVATE!"
Running for Subway
During a lull in the proceedings, a trio of GIs espied two very attractive Indian girls, clad in brightly-colored
sarees, sitting by themselves in a corner. The GIs wanted to start a conversation but the girls looked so typically
Indian, the sociable soldiers were unable to think of a topic that would be of mutual interest.
Failing to think of an ice-breaking sortie, Pfc. Sol Seldman began reminiscing about Brooklyn, declaring
nostalgically to his buddies, "I wish I were home now, running for the BMT subway."
"Yes, and probably missing it," said the Indian maid in perfect English.
And the Moral
The three cosmopolites gaped in open-mouthed winder, until Seldman recovered sufficiently to gasp, "What
do you know about the BMT subway?"
The girl then went on to detail a short summary of her life history. Her father was an Indian professor
studying in Shangri-La. There he met and married the girl's mother. The girl was born and reared in Brooklyn, and her
companion, a sister, had been born in Manhattan. Furthermore, these typical Indian girls had only been living in India
for five years and were expecting to return to Uncle Sugar soon.
He Proves It Can Be Done; ATC Man Takes Prisoner
1333 BU, Chabua, Assam, India - "It can be done, men," said Pfc. Frank W. Distel, after
reading a letter he received from an ATC base in the South Pacific. In black and white the letter tells how an ATC
headquarters messenger brought in a Jap prisoner.
The messenger was on duty, delivering correspondence from one end of the enemy-ridden island to the
other. He was deeply engrossed in the usual thoughts of a GI - rotation, chow and mail - when he saw a bedraggled,
half-starved Jap standing in the path before him.
Expecting fireworks, he was surprised to see the Jap coming toward him, reaching for the moon, seemingly
begging to be captured. He escorted the Jap back to camp and saw him put safely behind bars.
Father Goes Home for 45-day Leave as Son Stays Here
1328 BU, Misamari, India - The only father and son combination at this base will come to the
parting of the ways shortly as the father, S/Sgt. William A. Goodwin, goes home to Uncle Sugar.
Things are not as dark as they seem for his son, Cpl. Kadzie Goodwin, for the father has requested
45-day leave in preference to regular rotation, so he will be able to return and be with his son.
This team got together last December when Cpl. Kadzie Goodwin arrived here from another ATC base. Mrs.
Louise A. Goodwin, of Ithaca, N.Y., is mother and wife of the pair.
Both volunteered in 1942 from Ithaca, father preceding son by only a few months. The similarity doesn't
stop there, however. Both Goodwins are radio operators, but father William is in the ATC, on flying status, while Kadzie
is a ground operator in AACS.
1330's Maintenance Squadron Gets Unit Award for Service
1330 BU, Jorhat, Assam, India - Squadron "C" at this base has been awarded a Meritorious
Service Unit placque, it has been announced here.
The award was made, says the citation from the office of Lt. Gen. George, "in recognition of its
superior performance of duty and outstanding devotion to the accomplishment of its assigned mission."
The specific occasion of the award was a 28 percent increase in aircraft utility between Oct. 1 and Nov.
30, 1944, due primarily to the efforts of Squadron "C," the aircraft maintenance department of the base.
"Enthusiastic in the execution of orders," the citation concludes, "disregarding long working hours
and adverse weather conditions, personnel of Squadron 'C,' in the accomplishment of their mission, exemplify the highest
traditions of the military forces."
Who Asks Questions,|
Pilots Want To Know!
1342 BU, Chanyi, China - A pilot from this base reported the following telephone
conversation with the weather office at an advanced fighter base where he landed recently.
"Hello," the pilot said, "Will you give me the winds aloft?"
"Who is calling?" the weatherman asked.
"How long ago did you land?"
"About 30 minutes ago."
"What did you find the winds aloft?"
"Oh, about 260 degrees at 30," said the pilot.
"Well thanks very much," said the weatherman and hung up.
1304 Aircraft Are 100% Operational|
In 24-hour Period
1304 BU, Barrackpore, India - The boys of the engineering and the priorities and traffic
section here are holding their heads high these days, even if it means sticking their necks out. They claim two new
records during April.
During the 24-hour period ending at 7 p.m. on April 18, all assigned aircraft at this unit were 100
percent operational, and averaged 15.8 hours in the air and 1.5 trips.
P & T's contribution was getting a ship unloaded, crews changed, new load aboard, and plane in the air
again within one hour and 20 minutes. The average time for the operation, with a ship of this type, is more than two
and a half hours.
"I think you'll find that the Army savings systems are a lot more convenient."
Homesick GIs Now Can Hear What To Expect
'How To Be Civilian' Program is Radio Feature at 1333
1333 BU, Chabua, Assam, India - All war-weary GIs, Calcutta commandos, and chairborne
headquarters men now can learn "How to be a civilian" if they listen to the radio station at this base.
Every Friday, Renshaw University, the base USAFI school, hits the airwaves over station VU2ZV with its
orientation program for nostalgic GIs.
Each week "How to be a civilian" salutes a different American college co-operating in the USAFI program.
This gesture consists of a dramatization of life at that particular college.
Impromptu sound effects are invented by Sgt. Hugh Griffin. Footsteps crunching through the campus snow
are made by shuffling the closed pages of Renshaw University's one dictionary. Making cokes in a campus juke joint is
imitated with the help of an aerosol bomb.
Sex appeal on the show is provided by two pseudo co-eds, Eve Kilgus and Winson Wallace, American Red
Chief among the program's unusual features is a one-man "Information Please" service conducted by Sgt.
Ashley Hale. He gives helpful hints on the problems and difficulties that will confront a jungle-happy veteran upon return
to civilian life. He describes procedures to be followed in boarding a street car and hands out information on other
1332's Farm Bureau Has Cleared Jungle for Vegetable Plot
1332 BU, Mohanbari, Assam, India - In June or July there will be fresh vegetables for
all at this base, if Pfc. Robert K. Carter's plans meet with success.
One acre of jungle has been cleared and planted thus far. Turnips, radishes, sweet potatoes and carrots
are among the crop. Lettuce and cucumbers are being added, as well as cantaloupe and watermelon, if the seed arrives in
time from Carter's own Georgia farm.
This crop, with the possible addition of a few Indian monsoon vegetables, will be the extent of the
local farm bureau's activities until the monsoon weather is ended. Next fall six acres will be cleared and planted.
A farm the latter size, according to Carter, will supply ample fresh vegetables for all the men of this
No Warrant Officers Will Be Made Here
Hq., Calcutta - GIs who have had their hearts set on becoming warrant officers might as
well forget their aspirations, according to information received from the personnel section.
A-1 was notified by Washington that no appointments as warrant officer, junior grade, may be made, because
of an over-all overage of W/O's in the Air Forces. The directive adds:
"All recommendations pending in this headquarters at the present time will be returned under separate
cover. At such time as appointments can again be made, all base units will be notified. It is not anticipated by this
headquarters, however, that the present situation will change in the near future."
Skymasters Busy Shattering Records
1346 BU, Tezgaon, India - For the third time in five days, C-54s of this base shattered
their own records last week when 49 ships crossed the Hump.
On April 21, 42 trips were made, on the 23rd, 47, and on the 25th, the present mark of 49 was posted.
Seventeen of the huge Skymasters made two trips to China on the latter date, carrying more than 655,000 pounds of
Leave It To Smith
This dolly, which has cut the wing removal time in half at 1332 is a refinement of the gadget created by M/Sgt.
John D. Smith.
Ingenuity Prevails As Sgt. Constructs Wooden Wing Dolly
1332 BU, Mohanbari, Assam, India - M/Sgt. John D. Smith, of Mobridge, S.D., has solved a
knotty problem confronting maintenance crews here by his invention of a dolly constructed entirely of wood.
With an increase in the number of aircraft on the base, and with no increase in personnel accompanying
it, the manpower situation at the line maintenance shops was getting pretty tight. There was some doubt whether the boys
could keep abreast of the current wing replacements unless a miracle happened.
Smith didn't wait for the miracle but went ahead and dreamed up his invention.
In order to adjust the dolly to the wing it was necessary to put a jack under the legs. This resulted in
a ticklish job when the dolly was lowered to its wheels. But, crude as it was, the dolly cut wing removal time from 24
to 12 hours.
Improvements were made by Capt. Roy W. Gedeborg, and the present dolly evolved - a solid affair of four
inch pipe, welded. The wing supports are six-by-ten beams shaped to fit the wing and padded with three-inch felt. At all
four support points the frame is equipped with screws obviating the use of jacks to adjust the dolly to the wing.
Average time for wing-tank changes is now less than eight hours, and the hazard of a broken or slipping
sling is entirely removed.
Hungry GI Goes Snipe Hunting in Deserted Spot of Assam, But His Luck Doesn't Hold Up
Given Admonition for Hunting Out of Season by Officer
1328 BU, Misamari, Assam, India - Pfc. Willis Searing is known for his liking for food.
His mouth watered as he sat contemplating the gustatory delights of an Assam snipe fry.
He was a grotesque figure there in the Assam moonlight, waiting in a deserted spot for the unsuspecting
snipes to enter his bag.
Awkwardly holding the mouth of the bag open with one hand, he corrected the angle of his flashlight to
conform with T/Sgt. Hal Fisher's directions. Willis smiles wryly as he remembered how he had to beg Fisher, Sgt. Major
Phillips, Cpl. E. Young, and Pfc. Ozzie Walpole to take him on their snipe hunt.
Not A Nibble
Fisher said they had caught nine luscious snipes in less than an hour the last time out. Young said ten.
Willis' mouth began to water again. He waited.
After a time he realized that he wasn't even getting one. Disgusted, he started back to the area. The
snipes just weren't biting tonight. Too bad. He was sure hungry.
Suddenly a figure loomed up out of the darkness. It was an officer, an angry officer. The officer
accosted Willis and told him he was under arrest for hunting snipes out of season.
Dismayed, Willis protested, "But I didn't catch any, sir!"
The officer relented and let him off with an admonition, making it plain that the fine for sniping out
of season was heavy.
Fisher, Phillips, Young and Walpole were in hysterics when the weary, bedraggled snipe hunter returned.
U.S.S. John Blish Named for Father of 1327 Corporal
1327 BU, Tezpur, Assam, India - Cpl. John Blish is as proud of a small survey craft in
the U.S. Navy as he could be of any battleship. The reason is that the vessel, the U.S.S. Blish, is named after his father,
the late commander John Blish.
Cpl. Blish received a photostatic copy of a letter sent by the Navy Department to his mother, Mrs. John
Blish, in Washington, D.C. The letter stated that the vessel had been converted into a surveying ship and commissioned
in February, 1944.
Commander Blish had been a professor of mathematics at the U.S. Naval Academy at
Annapolis before the
first world war. While there, he made an important contribution to the Allied war effort when he invented a machine
gun later developed as the Thompson sub-machine gun. Enlisting the aid of Thompson, who adapted the weapon to military
needs, and of Thomas Fortune Ryan, Sr., one of America's wealthiest financiers. Blish formed a company to manufacture
them for the Army.
Stafford To Operate Hobby Shop at 1328
1328 BU, Misamari, Assam, India - Cpl. frank Stafford, a hobbyist in civilian life,
has been selected to operate the hobby shop that will open here in a few weeks.
Aided by Sgt. Bob Thumm, who did the carpentry, Stafford has rigged up a nice shop in the small thatched
building that will be the Mecca of the base hobbyist.
The mosquito-proof structure has been divided into two main parts. The front part houses a desk, supplies
and a display cabinet and the work tables are in the other section.
Eyes Tear-Filled As Pfc. Witnesses Destruction of Cap
1333 BU, Chabua, Assam, India - Enraged at unfavorable comments regarding a specially
designed flight cap, Pfc. Mickey Solomon, Allentown, Pa., owner of the cap, decided to destroy it and put an end to
all the ribbing he was taking.
Outside his tent, he put a match to the ill-fated cap and stood over it as it burst into flames. His
tentmates came out to witness the burning and saw Solomon actually sobbing with real tears flowing from his eyes.
To them it seemed ridiculous that a grown man could become so mournful over a misfitting hat.
Sympathetic feelings ended however, when Solomon explained, "I wore this when I went through the gas
chamber a couple of weeks ago. I guess the tear gas fumes are still in the material."
At that point the other men found their own eyes watering.
'Listening Skies' Compared with 'Green Pastures'
Benny Meroff, Entertainer, Says ICD Negro Show One of Best
1333 BU, Chabua, Assam, India - Turning the tables in the way of entertainment, stars of Benny
Meroff's "Funzafire" became the audience at a dress rehearsal of "The Listening Skies," original Negro pageant of music
being produced here.
The previous evening, the "Listening Skies" cast saw "Funzafire" at the Polo Grounds, and after the show
the members invited the professional entertainers to see their performance the following afternoon. Benny Meroff, Kathleen
McLauhlin, dancer, and Charlie Marino, midget comedian, watched a two-hour program presented especially for them.
After the program, Benny joined the associate directors of the GI show, Pfcs. Charles Etcherson, and S.
Earl Wolfe, in a discussion of showmanship and stage techniques.
With the premier of the show which includes a cast of 50, not far off, the professional tips offered by
Meroff were incorporated into the show, which promises to be one of the most successful ever presented in these parts.
Capt. Sam A. Scalici, squadron commander, was pleased to hear Benny Meroff's praise. Benny said "The Listening Skies" will
rate with such great Negro shows as "Green Pastures" and "Porgy and Bess."
Liven Up Basha As Info Center For 1346th GIs
Completely Renovate Building for Handsome Library, News Room
1346 BU, Tezgaon, India - The new information center and library here are evidence that a
building of basha construction can be livable and comfortable. More, they are evidence that it's possible to jack up
the roof of a basha and run an entirely new building under it.
From Warner Bros. via China, comes this picture of Lauren Bacall. She seems very careful lest her ankle show.
The prevailing idea for the interior decoration of a basha is to cover as much of the bare architecture
as possible with any available material. The bamboo walls were covered with burlap and whitewashed. A ceiling of the same
material covered the ugly and irregular roof.
Around the braces, traditionally set in at a 70-degree angle to the floor, eccentric designs were cut out
of plywood and mounted, providing space for exhibits and also covering the leaning uprights. Windows were cased with
bamboo and salvaged mosquito nets were used for screens. A screen door was fashioned from a few supercharger crates and
more mosquito nets.
At the entrance of the remodeled basha is a show window which gives the visitor an idea of what is offered
inside. In the information center a huge circular map case dominates the room. Constructed from salvaged telephone wire
reels and plexiglass, it forms a backing for maps of the various fighting fronts.
On the left wall is posted material pertaining to information. Pamphlets on the "GI Bill of Rights" and
similar literature give the interested visitor a chance to see for himself what is planned for him when he gets out of
the Army and also what is planned by the Army for his next two years of service in India.
Basha of Tomorrow
If you look hard you can see that this is a basha, but it looks about as much like a public building of Western
construction as any basha yet built. It's the information center and library at 1346 in a new basha run in under
the roof of an old one.
On the right wall, the Armed Forces Institute gets the play, with text books and application blanks
displayed appropriately. Questions concerning the Institute which formerly had to be answered personally now can be
answered by reading the advertisement.
A room for group study classes is situated in the rear of the building, with facilities for the instruction
of 25 men. Tables and chairs and suitable visual education aids are available. When classes are not is session, the room
can be used as a reading or writing room.
The library is located on the porch, which is screened in. During the first month of operation over 400
books were checked out.
Indian librarians are employed on two shifts. The library is open from 8 a.m. to 11:30 p.m.
Request Lock from Assam, Get Lengthy Indorsement
1348 BU, Myitkyina, Burma - A certain officer here henceforth will think twice
before signing papers without carefully reading them beforehand.
Recently he signed a requisition for a lock, which his erring clerk had addressed to the
utility officer of an Assam base rather than of this base. The requisition was returned from Assam with a note saying
a mistake had been made.
The front office here, deciding to teach the officer a lesson, placed a first indorsement on the
requisition, pretending that it had come from the Assam base. The indorsement read as follows:
1. It is suggested your local S & S officer be contacted for this item. If he cannot procure it a certificate
of non-availability is requested, with specification of the type of lock desired.
2. It is further requested that in the event we are to furnish this item, information as to the mode of
transportation desired be forwarded immediately. Also we request to know who is to be designated as the using agency.
Offers Wide Choice
3. In the event you are unable to obtain a priority for air shipment, what other means of transportation
do you recommend?
a. By rail to Calcutta, and thence by boat to Rangoon? Inasmuch as Rangoon is now controlled by the
Japanese, it is felt delivery will be somewhat delayed.
b. By native courier direct to your station? It must be realized this would necessitate the procurement
of guides, pack bearers, supplies for approximately 14 days, and approximately three pairs of shoes each, which would no
doubt be worn out on the hike over the first ridge.
c. By kayak from this station to Ledo, thence by the Ledo Road? This mode of transportation would depend
upon availability of Eskimos, and is not recommended because all Eskimos still live in Alaska.
d. By dog sled? The weather man has been consulted and does not recommend travel by snow, as there is
By Carrier Pigeon?
e. By jeep-railway? This would require co-ordination through theater headquarters, as to the availability
of engineering battalions, and for the appropriation of funds.
f. Bay carrier pigeon? As a last resort this method is tentatively suggested. The exact weight of the
desired item will be necessary so that our weight and balance officer can prepare the manifest correctly and will not
overload the pigeon, or make him nose-heavy or tail-heavy.
4. Your recommendation as to further necessary measures will be gratefully received.
Artist Has Own Paint Shop
Assam Portrait Wallah
T/Sgt. Arden Claude Steele is shown at work on his forthcoming self-portrait, latest is a series of oils created
in his spare time. On the higher easel hangs his portrait of Lt. Billy O. Phillips, base special service
officer, while on the table at left is Pfc. Claus L. Sapp. In the background are photographs of other portraits.
To Continue His Profession
1330 BU, Jorhat, Assam, India - With intensive war activity swirling about the door of
his shop, T/Sgt. Arden C. Steele, Kingston, Pa., quietly pursues his profession of portraiture.
In 1933 Steele began painting as a hobby but soon chose it as his profession. He worked in a sign shop,
did some commercial art for a local newspaper, then decided to take up portrait-painting, which he expects to do
exclusively after the war.
At first he had little hope of exercising his talent while in the Army, but happily for him he was
placed in the sign painting section and is now in charge of his own shop.
One result is that the signs on the base are a far cry from the routine stenciling work usually done,
and reflect the ability of the real artist who is producing them.
he has converted his shop into a studio - lacking, of course, the northern light of his studio at home,
and short of other conveniences, but adequate. here, after hours and when routine business is slack, he spends many hours
doing portraits of personnel stationed at the base.
One of the first thing he's going to do when he gets home, says Steele, is a portrait of his wife and
their brand new daughter. Sgt. Steele works in oils, water colors, charcoal, tempera or pastels, but his favorite medium
Women of America
For every soldier overseas there is a woman who waits at home. Each one dreams of the day when
her man will come back. Mostly they dream at night; their days are filled with work.
Women of America have been waiting a long time in this war. Yet while they have been waiting, they have
not been idle. The full-scale operations of mighty war plants, offices, on down to the corner gas station, would have
been impossible if it not had been for the women on the homefront who marched into battle, side by side with their loved
Through all these years, all these tasks, women have been coming home each night to empty houses, to wait
. . . and hope. They deserve our highest tribute; they already have our deepest love.
Above all, to those women who have waited in vain, and to those who will wait in vain, goes the
devotion of a nation. That they, in their saddest hours, could take up tasks to carry on from where their men left off,
is certainly bravery beyond the call of duty. Truly, they know the cost of all-out war.
Their eyes are seeing a thousand lonely nights but their dedicated hands are supplying a thousand
needed items. Their spirit is unquenchable . . . their inspiration immortal.
A SERIOUS ERROR
The hazards encountered by all pilots in Hump operations and their heroic efforts can be by no means be
overrated. It is felt, however, that your article on page 1 (Hump Express, Apr. 26) "First Hump Hop of ETO Veteran was
Close One" does not belong in the category of heroic achievement.
The pilot of the C-109 was by no means a hero; he was a lucky fool. He does not warrant the respect of the
other crew members. The pilot was charged with the responsibility of returning a valuable gasoline tanker (C-109) and a
valuable crew on a return trip over the Hump. This pilot not only jeopardized his own life but those of his crew by
throwing away one of the cardinal rules of instrument flying when he let down without first establishing his exact
position and altimeter setting.
The pilot had assumed that he was in a valley in the close proximity of 1347 BU and just elected to let
down. Only by the greatest luck did this crew land alive. The pilot just skimmed the top of a mountain, seriously
damaging the No. 1 engine of the aircraft. There was no noble effort here. There was a hair-raising experience but there
were no heroics. The pilot returned alive owing only to the grace of God.
There are many pilots daily who fly the "rockpile" in accordance with the regulations, who encounter
adverse condition beyond the wildest imagination of the ordinary pilot. For this the Army Air Forces, in recognition,
awards Air Medals and Distinguished Flying Crosses that are well earned.
These men we cannot commend too highly but we denounce from every cockpit any pilot who jeopardizes
his crew and valuable equipment by not observing the cardinal rules of caution.
- Major John J. Murdock, Jr., Air Corps., Division Flying Safety Officer
ELEGIE OVER A BOTTLE
I'm sticking to water, don't even want tea,
For there's nothing so tasty and nothing so nice.
The night after revels might bother some guys,
But I've learned my lesson and, brother I'm wise.
Keep your Fighter Brand whiskey and liquor that's red -
What goes in my stomach won't go to my head.
I wish the fact published to one and to all,
I'm back on the wagon, and I hope I don't fall.
- Huff in The Mohner
LATE SECTION VIII - If you're bucking for a Section VIII, stop. Old Section VIII is
Section VIII of AR 615, which disposed of various causes for dismissal from the service, always got
more attention than other sections of 615, for some reason (probably human-interest reasons). The components of 615
are broken down now, and broken-down old VIII, relieved of duty, reappears as new, clean, fresh AR 615-368.
If you want to buck for a 368, why go right ahead. Good luck!
Like Section VIII, TD is a thing of the past. You can now get (see AR 850-150, 18 September 1944) TDY, if you want temporary duty. TD now means
"tank destroyer," which may prove less popular.
ATC Regulation 35-13, 30 January 1945, however, goes right on talking about TD, in referring to temporary
duty, and probably so will a lot of other people for some time to come.
People In U.S. Know War Too, Reports Writer
Many People on Homefront Feel War Losses Deeply
Editor's note: The following article was written for Hump Express by Harold Isaacs,
correspondent, upon his return to the U.S. after covering the war fronts in the Far East.
By Harold Isaacs
Homecoming is mostly a pretty private affair. You come back to the much loved and the familiar, and you
leave behind you the gnawing loneliness of distance and separation.
You can recapture a little of what the war takes away from everyone - the sense that there can be a
little normality and a little sanity in living. You find it in the blurred and incredible instant of reunion with
those you love, or walking down a familiar street, or finding yourself again an obscure digit in a great mass of your
similars and shedding the lonely isolation of being conspicuously strange in a strange land.
Coming back, particularly from China, Burma and India, there is of course the overpowering impact of
the wellbeing of America.
Haven't Felt War?
But it is so easy to be deceived by this wellbeing, hopelessly and myopically deceived. I write as a
war correspondent, which means I am non-soldier and non-civilian, non-fish and non-fowl, non-hare, non-hound.
At any rate, I assume the right to challenge the curious notion acquired by many returning soldiers
that because people back home don't live in foxholes and eat C rations, they don't know what war means. It is a kind
of vain-glorious hairshirt philosophy that a man adopts because people back home have not shared horrors of combat, the
loneliness of distance, the lack of privacy, the stupidities of Army life.
It is also true that American workers have a way of standing up firmly for their rights and when they
do so they are holding a crucial front for millions of workers in uniform. Those who too lightly condemn these workers
forget that they too have sons and brothers and husbands and sweethearts overseas with whom they share the insecurity
of the future. Certainly the fantastic war production of American industry does not suggest that strikes have affected
the output anywhere near as much as they might have. It seems to be pretty easy to fall for propaganda and attitude
that drive a critical wedge between civilian and soldier when their obvious common interest in the whole future really
underlines how necessary and vital it is for them to join in an unshakeable solidarity.
But beyond this it is superficial and false to think that people back home do not share the horrors of
war and the loneliness of separation. The casualty lists of Americans now run close to a million. That means anywhere
from five to ten million Americans who mourn an irretrievable loss or injury, a loved one who is dead or maimed. You
try to tell that to any one of the many million other who wait in lonely anguish for the word they hope will never
come but with constant fear that it might come any hour.
CBI No Picnic
The shadow of loss follows you everywhere even into your own office where a man sits
and hardened by the loss of a son. It follows you through the columns of the newspapers where amis all the claptrap of wartime,
news the sober columns of the casualties stare at you in their tiny print, each line a man. Who will wear lightly the
mantle of superiority over people at home taking these losses, suffering these fears, somehow abiding this loneliness?
Americans in CBI have less reason than most to fall for the phony hairshirt attitude toward the folks back
home. Surely "CBIs" have no picnic, and the dead are just as dead in the small battles as in the big, and the maimed
no less maimed, and loneliness is the same silent horror wherever it is suffered. But coming back from CBI one feels that
the immense private joys of one's own homecoming have to be tempered by a sobering humility. The war is lousy in China
and Burma and India, whatever place a man is stuck in. It's lousy back here too.
Red Ball Protects Assam Personnel - Tangerine Plies Her Trade in China
Left, the "Big Red Ball" at 1333 tells when an air raid alert has sounded. Cpl. Charles E. Winkenwerder, Salem, Ore.,
billeting clerk in the transit office, demonstrates the use of the gadget, which operates on the principle of the
old-time well-bucket sweep. When the rock is untied from a peg in the ground the rock's weight at once sends the red
ball straight up. At right, 1338's Cpl. F. P. Gabel, Philadelphia, buys a tangerine from "Tangerine Tillie," China's
Serious, Amusing and Just Workaday Aspects of GI India-China Life
(1) With Pfc. Robert Hermann, Melrose, Mass. (right) lending argumentative support, T/Sgt. Cliff Bennett, Kenosha, Wis.,
tries the old Army game in a curio shop near 1347, Shamshernagar, India. (The only trouble is that India thought of the
game before the Army did.) (2) Indian workers lose no time getting to work on a plane which has just arrived from China,
with special attention to shining up the AAF and ATC insignia. (3) A New Haven soldier, Pfc. Fred H. Finkel, draws up
plans for a new building at his base, with his Indian assistant. Finkel has been a draftsman in ICD since coming to
India. In civilian life he was a General Motors employee.
Inevitable Pets of the GI - in India and Burma, They Run to the Exotic
Pets which would seem quite extraordinary at home are perfectly commonplace in India and in Burma, and every military
establishment is certain to abound with them except in cases where medical authorities have banned them. (Monkeys are
perhaps the most frequent, probably outnumbering dogs and cats.) Above at left is Pfc. Joe Bight, of the 1327 BU, Tezpur,
with his pair of parrots. (The two pups also belong to Bright.) His hometown is Paducah, Ky. Center, Pfc. Oscar Paulson,
Valley City, N.D., also of the 1327 BU, dangles a succulent fish before the maw of Oscar the Otter. Oscar like fish
almost as much as soldiers like Spam. At the right, Pvt. Frank Schatzel, of Greensboro, N.C., poses with his pet chicken,
Mabel, at the 1348 BU, Myitkyina, Burma. Mabel, who was caught by Schatzel while she was sitting on eight eggs, has gone
right on producing ever since the capture, and now has virtually licked the egg problem for her owner. He figures that
she keeps up the good work mainly because she suspects that if eggs should fail, there is always the possibility of
Geography of India Played Great Part in Influencing
Soul of Its People Down Through Centuries
Everything in India is Vast Compared with Europe;
One Man in Five in World is Indian;
Nation Called Empire's Jewel
By B. J. Vaswani
The soul of man is powerfully influenced by the soul in which he takes birth and grows. So is it
with nations, too. Geography could easily be shown as having contributed greatly to the making of a nation in the various
stages of its growth and doctrine.
The present world position of the USA is in no little degree due to her favorable geographical conditions.
India's destiny has very largely been shaped in the past by this influence, and its future is in no small measure bound
up with it - hence this brief presentation of India's geographical background.
What are the essential features of India's geography?
Varieties of Culture
(1) Firstly, of all the countries in the world, India is the most clearly marked out by nature as a region
by itself. Divided by the surrounding countries in the northwest, north and northeast by a natural Siegfried line of the
loftiest mountains in the world, and separated from others by wide stretches of ocean, it led for many centuries a
sheltered existence which allowed it to evolve a distinct civilization. This has not only put a stamp of fundamental
oneness on Indian life in spite of its varieties of culture but also made it too strong for invaders to uproot it.
(2) Secondly, lying between great land masses in the northeast and great water masses in the southwest,
India gets the full blessings of the monsoons. They not only give widespread rain but also feed its great rivers all
the year 'round. India is therefore, and has been for ages past, a granary of the East and a
world emporium for many
products useful to man.
(3) Its variety of climates, soils and vegetation is another remarkable feature in the geographical makeup
of India, which along with its underground treasures, makes it one of those fortunate countries potentially among the richest
in the world. It's no wonder an American geographer once described India as the country in which both nature and man are
engaged in mass production.
(4) India's global position is one which any nation may envy. It is usual for some people to draw the map
of the world in such a way as to put Great Britain in the center. But India could more rationally be so placed. It lies
midway between the Near East and the far East.
It is midway between Africa and Australia, and to all these countries it has easy access by sea. With her
resources properly exploited, India could be the hub-center of industry and commerce again as it was for thousands of
years until the 18th century.
Population of 400,000,000
(5) Everything in India is on a stupendous scale, compared with the countries of Europe. If the Himalayas
were placed on the continent of Europe, they would stretch from Calais to the
Black Sea. India has 40 peaks higher than
the highest in Europe and glaciers four times as long.
The rivers of Europe would be almost like some of the irrigation canals in India, which has a population
of 400,000,000 - one man of every five in the world. India stretches for 2,000 miles east to west, and 2,000 miles north
to south. Its coastline is over 5,000 miles. Its great plain (the Indo-gangetic plain) is 2,000 miles long and 200 miles
(6) Some of the geographical features have very markedly affected the people of India. There is first
of all the idea of unity in spite of diversity - the idea of one nationality in the midst of sectional loyalties. India
having been a land of abundant production for countless centuries the people have developed one outstanding characteristic
which is found nowhere else in the world in the same degree, and that is "contentment."
Man wants but little here below. That is the attitude of most men. Wanting but little, they have often
spent their leisure time not in hustling to get more, but in evolving those religions and philosophies which have been
among the greatest contributions to world civilization and world culture. The ideal of peace and non-aggression practiced
for centuries in India, makes India, as Sumner Welles has recently said, an ideal place for working out the modern programs
of world security and peace.
False Rumors On War's End Spread Rapidly
Many Premature Celebrations Started Over False Reports
Hq., Calcutta - Untimely reports of German surrender here Sunday night
premature celebration of V-E Day.
First announcement of the reported "surrender" was made in the Officers' Club. The statement said,
simply, that "Germany has capitulated." The report spread like buckshot.
Someone announced in the Red Cross Club that "It has just been announced in the Officers' Club that
Germany has surrendered." In a few minutes rumors had traveled around the base and GIs and officers were believing all
manner of reports - including the surrender of Germany and the cessation of all hostilities on European fronts.
Within five minutes after the first erroneous report, scores of men gathered around radios in the
headquarters building and dozens of others rushed to the tents and other quarters to await the expected radio report
which never came.
Shortly, someone checked with the message center and learned that the basis for the expanding reports was an
announcement from the San Francisco conference that Himmler, some time before, had offered unconditional surrender to
Great Britain and the United States, but that it had been rejected because it did not include Russia. The facts, however,
failed to put much of a damper upon the jubilation which prevailed far into the night.
The base still was buzzing Monday with assertions that the end could not be far off and opinions that
the next few days would bring the bonafide reports for which everyone had been waiting.
Runway Traffic Control
1330 BU, Jorhat, Assam, India - Lt. Edward L. Lenihan's contribution to the base safety program is a stop-and-go
signal controlling vehicular cross-runway traffic. Those who have ignored it have been halted by a shrill whistle,
and one man when so stopped suggested that it was an argument for rotation: "I haven't seen one of those for so long I
forgot what they look like."
Chinaside Mess Hall
The mess hall at 1339, China, is the most popular place on the post. Stainless Steel serving trays, tablecloths
and upholstered ceiling give the room a Stateside air.
1339 Mess is Not Such a Mess Since Improvements Made
1339 BU, Chengkung, China - When one walks into the new mess hall on this base he sees
bright colored curtains and blue and white walls. Main feature of the new mess is the ceiling which is made of discarded
Light blue tables and cloths, stainless steel serving tables, and white-jacketed mess boys make the mess
There is no more flat water since a new purification unit has been installed. This relieves mess personnel
of the troublesome job of boiling drinking water. Newly constructed sinks and sterilizing units help to make their job easier.
Arriving Pilots Given Training in Hump School
Four Distinct Training Phases Include Pre-Flight, Transition
1330 BU, Jorhat, Assam, India - Pilots fresh from the States are getting a comprehensive program
of orientation and training at this station's Hump school.
The program is divided into four distinct phases. The first consists of pre-flight training, including
aircraft familiarization, high altitude flying, oxygen, radio and communications procedures, and pilot responsibility.
In the second phase, Link-trainer instruction is followed by at least seven hours flying time.
In phase three, transition requires eight to 16 hours flying with a minimum of eight hours at night,
engine failure procedure, and takeoff and landing technique. The final phase, "en
route training," consists of a minimum of
eight co-pilot trips over the Hump, followed by two final checks.
Since the newly arrived pilots of course vary in ability and experience, they are subjected to a written
screening test to determine exact training each needs for Hump duty.
The training is under the direction of Capt. Ralph Miner, assisted by Lt. Joseph Oppenheimer, engineering
training officer, and Lt. Clovis C. V. Caillez, I & S officer.
BROAD VIEWS By Kin Platt
"Didn't I tell you? I'm waiting for the doctor, too?"
Engineering training in the course embraces familiarization with carburetion, fuel, electrical and hydraulic
systems, instrument operation, and inspection procedure. Operation under emergency conditions are emphasized.
Briefing consists of information security and jungle survival in case of forced landings or bailouts. General
orientation in terrain and inhabitants of the Hump region, taboos to be observed, establishment of air contact, walkout
procedure, and jungle subsidence are included. Full explanation of the purpose and operation of the 1352 BU, the
search and rescue squadron, are included.
Qualified instructors lecture and demonstrate during the classroom phases of the training.
Though the final test of a pilot's proficiency is his performance in flight, written tests must be
completed satisfactorily at the end of each phase.
Goes to See GI Movie - Sees His Mother In It
1332 BU, Mohanbari, Assam, India - Shortly after arriving here, Pfc. Frank Dochniak was
sitting watching the local cinema when suddenly he pointed at the screen. Slapping a fellow GI on the back, he shouted,
"That's my Mom!" During the showing of a short which depicted people urging others to write letters to men in the service,
Dochniak suddenly got a funny feeling and finally realized he was looking at his mother. The projectionist ran several
private showings for Dochniak.
HUMP EXPRESS is the official newspaper of the India-China Division, Air Transport Command, APO 192, c/o Postmaster,
New York, N.Y., and is published by its Public Relations office. Camp Newspaper Service and Army Newspaper Service
features are used, reproduction of which is prohibited without permission of CNS and ANS, 205 East 42nd St., New
York, 17, N.Y.
Other material is submitted by staff members, ICD-ATC base Public Relations sections and other soldier correspondents.
Printed weekly by the Hindusthan Standard, 3 Burman St., Calcutta, India, and distributed each Thursday.
Passed by U.S. Press Censor for mailing.
Military transport schedules over India for cargo, personnel and mail . . .
maximum tonnage of essential war materials over the Hump . . .
movement of troops and supplies in support of tactical operations in China . . .
evacuation of the sick and wounded - these are the missions of ICD-ATC.
MAY 3, 1945
Original issue of HUMP EXPRESS shared by CBI veteran Steven C. King, author of
Flying the Hump to China.
Note: The dateline in each story has had the specific location name added.|
A better quality image of the photo of Lauren Bacall was used in this recreation.
Copyright © 2006 Carl Warren Weidenburner
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