U.S. Troops Live
Under Nippon Rule
Jap Army Administration Controls Americans In Java
Batavia, Java - More than a month after the official surrender to the Allies, part of this city and country is still under the rule
of the Jap militarists.
Disarmament has just begun and although there have been American, British and Dutch forces stationed here, they had no authority to control
Jap guards still stand watch over the Allied troops at the airfield in Batavia and the mansions that Allied forces are using as
headquarters and billets.
Help from Nips
The municipal government of Batavia ostensibly is under the Nip heel but advocates of Javanese independence have seized power and are
attempting to run the city.
Up to a week ago there were units in eastern Java that had not officially surrendered to anyone. One army commander at an airfield in Malang
tried to surrender to a C-47 crew.
Whatever American forces require has to be requisitioned from the Nips. All dealing with them is done by one major who has encountered no
high-handedness but a co-operative and almost subservient attitude.
The U.S. Army does not pay for what it gets from the Japs. It is merely requisitioned from their government. It isn't costing them anything,
however, since they confiscated much of their material from the Javanese.
Upon his arrival a major requested transportation. The Japs sent around an almost-new Cadillac for him and a Buick for each of his assistants.
They furnish all the fuel the Americans use. Similarly, if a GI wants a glass of beer, he just asks for it. Every day Nip soldiers bring around ice-cold
Dutch pilsner beer - as much as the Americans want.
No one stationed here uses money. The Javanese still use Jap currency, but everyone is wary of accepting it. There has been no assurance of
redemption of the Jap notes once the Allies take over.
In the few restaurants and shops that are open Yanks and Nips eye each other: the Nips cordially smiling, the GIs coldly aloof, it is compulsory
to return all salutes. When passing the Jap headquarters GIs almost wear out their arms returning the many pompous highballs they are given.
Disarmament is getting slowly under way. British marines and Indian troops have started arriving in dribbles. Arrival of larger Allied forces
is expected during the week. In the meantime the ostentatious Japs ride around the city in confiscated vehicles and drink pilsner beer.
China Wing Base
Other Stations Expected To
Close During This Month
Chungking, China - Approximately 500 officers and men gathered in front of operations here recently to hear Col. George Campbell,
China wing CO, say the words that officially brought a close to Hump operations for 1339 BU.
"This is a happy day for all of you, I know," Col. Campbell said. "We are pleased to see how smoothly the operation of this base has come
to a close. The rest of the bases in China should fold up around the end of this month.
"You men have worked hard and long. We are proud of the fine job you have done. You certainly deserve a rest. Gen. Tunner and his complete
staff have one sincere desire - to get you boys home as fast as possible."
A few minutes before No. 310, an olive-drab C-46 from Mohanbari, had rolled to a stop at the revetment in front of the operations building.
Its crew, F/O C. V. Atkinson, Baton Rouge, La.; Lt. Harold C. Smith, Williamsport, Pa., and Cpl. Charles E. Walker, Whitesboro, Tex., had brought her
in as the last Hump plane to land at Chengkung. By midnight all flight operations into the airbase, one of the oldest and largest fields in the China
wing, ceased, except for emergency and special missions.
Already one-third of the personnel had been transferred, some on their way Stateside, others to bases in China which were still in operation
for the time being. The planes, silver C-46s and a few C-47s, as well as other equipment and material, will be turned over to the ASC for distribution
to other outfits.
Maj. Elgin Rittenberry, Macon, Ga., 1339 base CO, accepted from Col. Campbell the American flag which had flown over the base for more than
Others To Close
The command of the field will be taken over by ASC, which will be responsible for the complete closing of operations.
Men will be sent home or distributed among other ICD bases, According to their length of time overseas and the number of service points.
Already some of the aircrew and maintenance personnel have been shipped to Shanghai's 1369 BU.
After other ICD base units in China cease operations, Kunming, Liuchow and Shanghai then will be the main bases for ICD's operations in this
theater. Those bases, with the exception of Shanghai, are also due to close before the end of the year.
The closing of these bases will increase the load on the Kunming airfield and force it to maintain its status as one of the busiest airfields
in the world.