Chinese Communists Spurn |
Chiang’s Proposal, Charge
US Is Meddling Busybody
General Criticizes Yanks For Transporting Chinese Troops
Chinese communists, criticizing the role played by U.S. forces in China and charging that the United States is meddling "in the guise of a policeman," last week spurned the latest proposal of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's government which was aimed at avoiding a full-scale civil war.
No. 2 Communist leader Gen. Chou En-Lai said there was "no necessity at all for the U.S. transportation of Kuomintang troops to areas which the communists have recovered from the Japanese." Latest such assistance, according to Army News Service, was the movement last week by the U.S. Seventh Fleet of government troops to the port of Chinwangtao, east of Peiping.
No Direct Action
The charge that the U.S. was a "meddlesome busybody" was publicized amidst reports of large-scale fighting between the two groups in China, particularly in the northern provinces. In printing the charge, the communist New China Daily News took issue with Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer, US CG in the China Theater, and called action of his troops "direct interference in China's internal affairs."
The communist newspaper also mentioned the possibility of U.S. forces becoming "involved" in the conflict if they remain.
Gen. Wedemeyer said the assistance his forces were giving to the redistribution of Chinese government forces strengthened Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's position, but emphasized it did not constitute direct action against the communists. Should Chiang's troops be attacked by the communists while engaged in redeployment, he said, American troops in the area would be ordered to retire immediately.
Yenan and Chungking communist sources made the unsubstantiated charge that American reconnaissance preceded the capture by government troops of the communist-occupied town within ten miles of Peiping.
Communist troops also had reported the capture of Peitaiho station in the Peiping-Mukden railroad, about ten miles southwest of Chinwangtao, which is held by American Marines.
In Washington, White House sources said there had been no clashes between U.S. Marines and the communists, although there were reports from communist headquarters that our Marines had fired on communists representatives at Chinwangtao. The dispatch said the Chinese "had to reply to the fire," but withdrew after about an hour of hostilities.
Meanwhile, Soviet and Chinese military authorities were reported to have agreed on arrangements for the landing of Kuomintang troops in Manchuria, ANS stated.
Gen. Tunner |
Goes to US
Hq., Calcutta - Brig. Gen. Charles W. Lawrence, this week assumed command of the ICD, succeeding Brig. Gen. William H. Tunner who returned unexpectedly to the U.S. for a new assignment.
Prior to his departure Gen. Tunner spoke briefly to his entire staff, paying high tribute to the officers and men of his command. He praised the record and ability of Gen. Lawrence who came to the division from the Fifth wing, 15th Air Force, and who recently has been acting as ICD deputy CG.
"During the year in which I have been your commander, you have taken more than 500,000 tons of war materials to China," Gen. Tunner said.
"It has been a thoroughly impressive performance and every man who had a share in it has helped greatly to win the war. More than that, together and against odds, you have launched a new era - the age of mass air transport. It is something which even the best informed experts thought impossible, but you have proved it on the Hump."
Gen. Tunner expressed regret that he had been called home while the mission of ICD was yet unfinished and many of its personnel still in India. He said:
"I leave, however, with the satisfaction that ICD is being demobilized faster than any other division of ATC and probably faster than any other organization in the entire AAF. It is scarcely two months since the end of the war with Japan, yet already nearly all ICD's two-year and eligible point men are on orders, released to the theater for shipment home. This is months ahead of departures in other theaters."
In speaking of the new ICD commander, Gen. Tunner continued, "Under Gen. Lawrence's leadership I am confident that the division will progress rapidly and efficiently towards the day when it can say, 'mission completed, command demobilized, personnel departed.' To everyone in the ICD, I say goodbye and good luck. You have done a magnificent job."
Gen. Tunner became commanding general of the ICD in September, 1944. Prior to that he had been commander of the Ferrying division of ATC.
|Kilmer college, the first army school in the States for servicemen and women not eligible for immediate discharge, commenced its full schedule recently with 450 soldier students attending. The program is designed to promote educational and vocational training and guidance for GIs and WACs stationed at Camp Kilmer, N.J., who wish to spend "time off" preparing for civilian occupations. To the many enrollees who plan to return to college, this school is good indoctrination for campus life and concentration on studies which were interrupted several years ago. "On-the-job" training in several fields is given, with the four-hour weekly class in auto mechanics having the highest registration thus far. Below, smudge-faced WACs and soldiers pitch in and inspect a truck motor in a mechanics class instructed by a GI who has been in the Army for 16 years but, as he says, "never with a job like this!" Training at Kilmer runs the gamut from purely vocational courses, such as this, to the more academic subjects.|
|After months and years of performing routine army duties, the students find the mental exertion of classroom studies and return to a reasonable facsimile of civvy life welcome. Left, except for uniforms, this boy-girl scene could be at any Stateside co-educational college. The GI students are Cpl. June Connolly, Lynn, Mass., and Pfc. Herbert Wilen, Brooklyn, N.Y. Above, Capt. Alfred Wasser, president of the school, plans the curriculum with Cpl. Dagobert De Levie, dean, and Pfc. Lillian De Puy, secretary-to-the-dean. Four volunteer professors from Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N.J., and six qualified military instructors tech the courses. Above, the GI college green finds "co-eds" interested in books and in each other. Below, Lt. Gordon J. Steiner teaches one of the two bookkeeping and accounting classes, the exceptionally large enrollment in this course making two classes necessary. Other classes include one-hour weekly instruction in business administration, business law, public speaking, psychology, grammar and four languages.|
|Military transport schedules over India for cargo, personnel and mail . . . maximum tonnage of essential war materials over the Hump . . . movement of troops and supplies in support of tactical operations in China . . . evacuation of the sick and wounded - these are the missions of ICD-ATC.|